by Thomas van Berkel (Automotive NL)

The overall objective of the fourth work package, led by AutomotiveNL is to support an accelerated implementation and development of sustainable e-mobility in North West Europe by mapping and take lesson from the wealth of existing EV pilots in NWE.

During the last number of years, regional and national authorities have spent tens of millions of Euros on implementing e-mobility by means of pilot initiatives. These pilots took on many forms and included a range of different vehicle types from bikes to busses. Unfortunately, the operators of these pilots tended to work in “splendid isolation”, which meant that even though the various regions and cities planned to become well known pioneers for the use of e-mobility technology, the majority of their programmes were stand-alone. Almost no information was shared between the different pilots and policy makers and this resulted in a limitation of the awareness of relevant developments.
The ENEVATE partners mapped and entered regional pilots into an online database. This database also contains the technology of the other work packages and the relevant data of all the ENEVATE partners and relevant EV stakeholders from the NWE region.
In order to prevent stakeholders in the e-mobility industry from duplicating results and trying to solve the same problems in isolation, we have chosen to study four pilots from different regions within North West Europe. This ensures that everyone who is involved with the planning and implementation of new initiatives regarding the testing and use of EV’s in pilots can learn lessons from the results of work that has already been completed. This is an important outcome from the ENEVATE project as it facilitates in reducing the amount of wasted resources.   
The following pilot´s have been visited. interviewed and analyzed by the ENEVATE WP4 team.

  • France
    “AH! La Carte” is a local, public sharing scheme which aims at delivering an integrated system of mobility services within the Montbeliard Metropole region, in Franche-Comté, France. The pilot is operated by a contractor on behalf of Pays de Montbéliard Agglomération. This pilot ran for one year and provided the general public with the possibility of using a vehicle sharing scheme which included electric vehicles, bicycles and public transport. This access and payment methods of all modes of transport for this pilot were consolidated into one unique smartcard.
  • Newcastle
    2009 saw the commencement of two important pilot projects in Newcastle, Sunderland and Middlesbrough which are located in the North East of England, United Kingdom. These were called EVADINE and “Plugged in Places” respectively. EVADINE is a trial that involved the monitoring of 44 electric vehicles over a six month period. Key information from this included information collected on driver behaviours and acceptance. This project also included development and support of the on-going growth of an integrated charging infrastructure within the region which ranged from domestic to rapid chargers. The Plugged in Places project started in 2009 with a goal of installing 1,300 charging points by 2013, specifically rolling them out in highly populated areas. This pilot also created a back office and EV user database called “Charge Your Car”.
  • Dublin
    In July 2010, the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) of Ireland purchased 15 Mitsubishi iMiEV electric vehicles in order to begin an electric vehicle trialling programme that needed to last for two years. The trial participants included both ESB staff members and a number of selected users from the public. The electric vehicles were fitted with data logging devices and GPS tracking units in order to gain as much real-time usage data as possible. Trinity College Dublin are analysing the technical data and completing a customer behavioural study. The goal of the trial process is to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the technical aspects of electric vehicle driving and charging patterns along with consumer acceptance and behaviour.
  • ‘s Hertogenbosch - North Brabant - Netherlands
    Situated in the North Brabant region of the Netherlands, ‘s Hertogenbosch started a project in the inner city that aimed to reduce traffic by promoting the use of bicycles and public transport. This would allow an increase of the effectiveness of the local transportation system while reducing emissions.  As a result, several sub-projects started to use electric vehicles. An EV bus that was able to charge with a conductive charging method built into bus stops was introduced. Meanwhile, another smaller electric bus was introduced at the same time to set an example that EV’s are viable. This was just one of a number of pilots that have been successful in this region.

These four pilots gave insight into designing, planning, implementing and evaluating a pilot project. Beside that the pilot owners offered to communicate openly and honestly regarding their goals, risks, challenges and lessons learned. In order to gain a perception of their position, a second group of pilots was used to compare results with the initial group of 4. The project team and other involved stakeholders visited 22 different pilots within the NWE region.

The end document intends to inform planners, stakeholders and policy makers in how to develop an e-mobility pilot project from the beginning. The therefore important aspects of this are discussed. In the document you will also find the key questions that a stakeholder group, who are planning a project must be able to answer.

After the first few years of stand-alone regional pilots, Northwest Europe (NWE) became renown on an international stage and was looked upon as a region which was ready to step into the new phase. The new pilots that were set up needed to be aware of the developments that had been achieved in the previous years, for instance, some of the previously run pilot projects had transformed into working business models and were commercial viable.

If the recommendations and results are adapted into new pilots, this will lead, at this stage of introduction of electric mobility, in the increase of NWE potential.